TAJIKISTAN is located in the heart of Central Asia. The territory of the country consists 143.1 sq. km. 93% of territory of Tajikistan occupy by mountains with average altitude over 3.000 m. above sea level. The Greenwich mean time is + 5hours.
Tajikistan is nestled in the south-eastern part of Central Asia. In the West and North it borders with Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, in the South with Afghanistan, and in the East, in the most mountainous area – with China. Its history is intertwined with that of the neighbouring countries of Central Asia and was connected through the ancient trading route of the Silk Road.
Tajikistan, located in the heart of the Central Asia invites you to immerse yourself into ancient history, to absorb beautiful nature and enjoy unparalleled hospitality of the people of our wonderful country.
CLIMATE of Tajikistan is dry-continental with big variety in different areas. Temperatures change from hot dry deserts in Khatlon region to cold harsh weather at the eastern Pamirs (absolute minimum -63 C). Main amount of precipitations fall from December till march. At the average we have more than 300 sunny days per year.
WATER RESOURSES. Tajikistan takes the second place among the CIS-countries by water resources. We have the highest water reserves of all Central Asian countries with more than 1,000 rivers, 2,000 lakes and 8,000 glaciers. The glacier area of Tajikistan represents some 50% of all glaciers in Central Asia. The largest mountain glacier in the world, the Fedchenko, is located in the Pamirs of Tajikistan.
LANGUAGE. Tajikistan is a multilingual country. The official language is Tajik, a member of the Persian group of languages (similar to Dari and Farsi). Russian is designated in the Constitution as a language for interethnic communication. Uzbek is widespread in the north and West of the country. In the Pamirs, several ancient dialects of the Eastern Iranian language family are still spoken.